[time 946] Anomalies related to spinning objects

Matti Pitkanen (matpitka@pcu.helsinki.fi)
Thu, 21 Oct 1999 14:51:14 +0300 (EET DST)

Hi all,

I wrote a new chapter about TGD inspired explanations for various
anomalies related to spinning objects (a lot of them as I have
learned during last months). The new
chapter is

"Anomalies related to spinning objects" of "p-Adic TGD" and can be found


A short summary of it can be found at


I glue the introduction of the chapter below.


TGD based concept of spacetime predicts several new effects.

a) One of the basic predictions of TGD is the possibility
of classical $Z^0$ fields having $Z^0$ charges as their sources. Rotating
macroscopic objects should generate $Z^0$ magnetic fields and this
suggests that the behaviour of rotating objects should exhibit anomalies.
A special signature of effects of this kind is parity breaking caused
by the parity breaking couplings of classical $Z^0$ field.

b) The mere rotation of a 3-surface carrying magnetic or $Z^0$ magnetic
fields should induce electric or $Z^0$ electric fields whose divergence
gives rise to vacuum charge density. Charge conservation suggests
that this gauge flux must flow to a second spacetime sheet carrying
opposite net charge.

c) In TGD the time orientation of given
spacetime sheet need not be the standard one and this allows
the possibility of negative classical energies. If this kind
of spacetime sheets are created,
 energy production with apparent efficiency greater than
unity becomes possible. At the spacetime sheets with negative time
orientations classical fields should propagate from future to
past making in principle possible to see to the geometric
future of, say, astrophysical objects.

d) A further TGD based element is related
to the fact that 3-surface can be regarded as a generalization of a
point like particle. This means that 3-surface behaves like single
coherent whole: in particular, classical fields oscillating coherently
 in arbitrary long length scales are possible and can give
rise to an apparent propagation of effects with infinite velocity.
The notion of pair creation from vacuum generalizes. For instance,
pairs of spacetime sheets with vanishing total classical energy
can be created from vacuum.

e) In TGD classical gauge fields and gravitational fields
at a given spacetime sheet are
extremely tightly correlated since all these fields are expressible
in terms of $CP_2$ coordinates and their gradients. Therefore
the generation of magnetic and electric fields could induce
perturbations of the classical gravitational fields
having amplitudes gigantic as compared to those
possible in General Relativity. In this kind of situation imbeddability
requirement could force the system to feed part of its gravitational flux
to some other spacetime sheets.


It has gradually become clear that there is extensive literature about
anomalies possibly having TGD based explanation.

a) Chiral selection in biosystems is well established effect having
explanation in terms of the classical $Z^0$ field (see the
chapter "TGD and condensed matter").

b) Solar neutrino deficit can be understood as caused by the $Z^0$
magnetic fields of Earth and Sun causing a dispersion
of the neutrino flux from the solar core. Tritium beta decay anomaly
 has an explanation in terms of classical $Z^0$ fields
and of TGD based model of condensed matter: new neutrino astrophysics is
needed to explain the variation of the anomaly with a period of one year
(see the chapter "TGD and nuclear physics"). Acceleration anomaly
associated with the space crafts in outer space found by scientists
in NASA has explanation in terms of classical $Z^0$ force (see the chapter
"TGD and astrophysics").


In this chapter it will be found that TGD makes it possible to understand
also many other anomalies.

a) There are several TGD based mechanisms which could
contribute to the gravity modification effects observed by Podkletnov
\cite{Podkletnov} and Schnurer \cite{Schnurer}. The simplest mechanism
is that that superconducting disk channels part
of Earth's gravitational flux to some new spacetime
sheet containing very weak gravitational fields.

b) There are anomalies related to the behaviour of rotating gyroscopes
\cite{Kozyrev1,HaTa} suggesting that rotating gyroscope can lose
part of its weight. TGD based mechanism is following:
gyroscope channels part of its gravitational flux
to some other spacetime sheet than the one where it
resides and, in the case that the receiving spacetime sheet
contains only very weak gravitational fields, gyroscope
effectively loses part of its weight.

c) There are quite puzzling observations related to
the behavioir of rotating stars \cite{Lavrentiev,Nachalov2}. These
observations are in a dramatic conflict with the standard wisdom about
finite propagation velocity of signals and with the idea that classical
fields propagate in future direction only. The possibility of spacetime
sheets with negative time orientation, and classical fields propagating
from geometric future to geometric past and the possibility that
3-surfaces of even astrophysical size can behave like particle like
objects, could explain these mysterious effects.

d) There are a claims about energy production with apparent efficiency
larger than unity \cite{DePalma,Tewari} by machines
which contain rotating magnets. TGD requires generation
or existence of spacetime sheet carrying charge opposite
to the vacuum charge induced by the rotation. If this spacetime
sheet has negative time orientation, it has negative classical
energy and the energy of the material spacetime sheet must
increase by the requirement of energy conservation.


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