Hitoshi Kitada (email@example.com)
Mon, 6 Sep 1999 18:58:30 +0900
The local time t can be thought as a canonical conjugate to H in the following
For the state vector Psi(t) of an LS, say L, the Scroedinger equation holds
- -- Psi(t) + H Psi(t) = 0. (h being the Planck constant/(2 pi) )
(Recall that the local time t is defined so that this equation becomes the
identity. I.e. the local time t is defined as the exponent t of exp(-itH).
Thus the state vector
Psi(t) = exp(-itH) Psi(0)
of L (with the initial state Psi(0) ) automatically satisfies the above
Define an operator T equal to
Then the Schroedinger equation (identity) becomes
T Psi(t) + H Psi(t) = 0.
Thus every state vector Psi(t) of L is identically a solution of the
Scroedinger equation with Hamiltonian H, and we have on such states
T = -H. (*)
This T clearly satisfies
i[T, t] = h.
In this sense, T is a canonical conjugate to t. H is related with T by the
above relation (*), which holds identically on the state vectors of L. This
means H (restricted to the space of the state vectors of L) is a canonical
conjugate to t.
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